Make sure you are up to date on all recommended vaccinations before traveling abroad.
Some types of international travel, especially to developing countries and rural areas, may have higher health risks. These risks depend on a number of things including:
– Where you are traveling
– Your activities while traveling
– The state of your health
– Your vaccination history
Many vaccine-preventable diseases that have become rare in the United States, such as measles and polio, are still common in other parts of the world. Certain activities, such as attending crowded events, can increase the spread of infectious disease. No matter where you plan to go, you should get recommended vaccines to lower the chances for getting and spreading disease.
Finding your vaccine records and getting all the vaccines you need may take some time. Talk with your health care professional when you begin to plan international travel. If your primary health care professional does not stock travel vaccines, you may need to visit a travel clinic to get the vaccines you need.
Plan Ahead to Vaccinate
– See your health care professional at least 4-6 weeks before any international travel. You may need this much time to complete a vaccine series, and your body needs time to build up immunity. – Find out vaccine recommendations and requirements for your travel destination.
– Ask about routine vaccines when you talk to your health care professional about travel.
– Make sure you are up to date on your all recommended vaccines, such as MMR vaccine, before you travel.
– Check if the country you are traveling to requires proof of yellow fever vaccine. Only a registered provider can offer this vaccine, and you must get it at least 10 days before travel. You will need a stamped vaccine certificate as well.
Other Tips to Travel Smart and Stay Healthy
Vaccination is the first step toward staying healthy while traveling. Here are other important ways to avoid illness:
– Be careful what you eat and drink. Follow these Food and Water Safety tips.
– Bugs (including mosquitoes, ticks, and some flies) can spread a number of diseases. Use insect repellent and learn other ways to avoid bug bites.
– Wash your hands often with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
– Don’t touch animals, especially monkeys, dogs, and birds.
Below is a list of vaccine-preventable travel-related diseases that are not covered by routine adult vaccinations:
– Hepatitis A
– Hepatitis B
– Typhoid and paratyphoid fever
– Meningococcal disease
– Yellow Fever
– Japanese Encephalitis
Information obtained from: